Migration and Conflict, Impact of Climate Change: ICCA Survey Report Reveals

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Date and time: 
Thu, 2016-02-18 08:26

Climate Change has been identified as one of the causes of conflict and migration in a 2015 survey undertaken by University of Nairobi’s Institute for Climate Change and Adaption (ICCA).  

The December 2015 survey report carried out in Turkana and Samburu indicate migration as a consequence of climate change.

Extreme weather conditions with varying rainfall and temperatures have led to cattle raiding and displacement of human population as communities compete for pasture and water.

While officiating the stakeholders’ workshop, Acting Director of Institute of Climate Change and Adaptation, Prof. Shem Wandiga said that the aim of the survey was to understand the pattern of migration, its causes and disasters. “We wanted to find out whether the migration is natural or caused by climate change, and be able to assess the trend,” said Prof. Wandiga.

America Security Project (ASP) 2013 report indicates that 71% of countries’ view of climate change as a key national security issue, while Kenya is yet to confront this issue.

The University of Nairobi’s Institute survey adopted United Nation’s report, which revealed that more than 150 people are killed annually in cattle raids in Turkana, Samburu and Isiolo, while 15% of animals die in these counties due to drought.

Chris Imana, Deputy County Secretary, County Government of Turkana, added that castle rustling, scramble for oil in Turkana and political incitement were also contributory factors to conflict.

To counter climate-change induced conflict and migration, different approaches have been and are continuously being implemented. These include building of water resources, diverse economic activity including introduction of agriculture and incorporation of early planting.

Interfaith platform represented by Evans Onyiego advocated building capacity for peace keeping committees to help solve societal conflicts. He said that traditional methods implored earlier helped identify rainfall patterns, but drought in the region has led to conflict where communities raid cattle.

The half-day stakeholders’ workshop awarded participants with certificates of participation. The participants hailed from European Union, International NGOs including International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Care Kenya, Community Based Organisations (CBOs), Universities, International Research Organisations, as well as Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries.

Prof. Shem Wandiga heads the Institute of Climate Change and Adaptation established at the University of Nairobi in 2013. The institute admitted its cohort students in March 2013 and has a total of 164 Masters and PhD students. Prof. Wandiga notes that the institute has interest not only in the science of climate change, but also in the impact and the technologies in Climate Change.

Mr. John Jaoko and Herbert Okongo make a presentation on migration patterns experienced in Samburu and Turkana brought about by the impact of climate change

Herbert Okongo explains migration patterns brought about by Climate change, in Turkana county

Event Program [PDF]

Expiry Date: 
Fri, 2017-02-17 08:26

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 Prof Shem O. Wandiga
Professor of Chemistry &
Ag. Director ICCA

 

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