Water Quality Challenges in Lake Victoria Basin

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The purpose of the study was to establish the relationship between the water quality challenges, community health and water rights conditions. Health challenges have been linked to water quality and household income. About 69% of the households have no access to treated water. Whereas 92% of the respondents appear to be aware that treatment of water prevents water borne diseases, the lowest income group and children share a high burden of water borne diseases requiring hospitalization and causing mortality. Open defecation (12.3%) in these areas contributes to high incidence of water borne diseases, especially in the rainy season. The community's constitutional rights to quality water in adequate quantities are most infringed. Increased investment in water provision across studied sites, improved sanitation and availability of affordable point of use water purification systems will have major positive impact on the health and economic well being of the community


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